Rafael Santi is one of the most famous painters of Rome, who became famous throughout the world for painting the Vatican villages. The artist’s eclectic approach to work, as well as his critical mindset attracted the townspeople, and, therefore, he never sat without work. A passionate admirer of painting, a certain Agostino Chigi, who ordered one of the most significant works - “The Triumph of Galatea”, did not remain indifferent to the works of Raphael. Agostino Chigi in 1510 started the construction of the magnificent palace of Villa Farnesin, which makes out with magnificent luxury. Being familiar with the work of Raphael, Chigi asks the painter to paint the walls inside one hall. There is an opinion that the artist borrowed inspiration for the painting in the poem "The Triumph of Galatea" by the Greek poet and philosopher Theocritus. It is known that Raphael was an ardent admirer of the ancient era. Some of the details of the picture clearly resemble Sandro Botticelli's work, The Birth of Venus. As for the modeling technique, it was borrowed from Michelangelo. True, supplemented by Raphael's own touches, which did not notice auto technology. The plot of the picture is at the same time simple and understandable: Polyphemus, having lost his mind from jealousy and love for Galatea, which does not share his feelings, kills her lover by burying his body under the rocks. Distraught with grief, the girl turned the blood of her beloved into a fast and transparent river. And since then, Galatea is considered the patroness of rivers, seas, oceans and all those who are somehow connected with water. Galatea's painting depicts a chariot in the form of a shell drawn by dolphins. That is how Raphael saw the sea goddess. To complement the composition, the girl was surrounded by mythical creatures, which set the mood for general rejoicing and happiness. Naked bodies are ideally accentuated by golden tones, soft blue sky and blue sea.
Stormy Sea Aivazovsky